Protecting ourselves

Protecting the Human Family from Natural Threats In addition to bringing the human family into human and life-support harmony, there are naturally occurring threats to human and life-support system health and wellbeing. Terrestrial threats include increased volcanic activity or a super-volcano eruption. Such occurrences have the potential to blast enough fine particles of dust and ash into earth’s upper atmosphere to reduce or even preclude food production for one or several years. Since we haven’t yet developed ways to eliminate such threats and since volcanic activity can occur without much warning, storing a secure supply of food, water, clothing, shelter and the like is vital to minimize the negative impact that volcanic activity can cause to the human family.

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Step Five: Reduce Population

Step Five – Reduce Population

The world’s women to freely choose to have an average of no more than two birth children during their reproductive lives. Since some women would choose to bear zero children and others only one, some women could bear three or more and still meet the average of two births per woman goal. If the average number of children born per woman was two worldwide, the world’s population would decline by ½% per year. This would mean that for every 1,000 deaths, there would be only 995 births. A ½% rate of population decline (shown as violet on the graph) would reduce the world’s population from 8.1 billion to around 2.7 billion people in 200 years. The world’s population around 1960 was 2.7 billion. Even if, for every 1,000 deaths there are only 999 births, the world’s population would decline, but at a much slower rate.

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Step four: “True-Cost Pricing”

Step Four – Create a Real Free-Market Economy by Adopting “True-Cost Pricing” or “Cradle to Cradle Pricing”. Today, almost everything humans do causes human and life-support system harm. More precisely, it’s not so much about what we do, but about HOW we are doing it. The ways we support ourselves now depend on converting ever more renewable resources into nonrenewable and often, toxic trash, and in general, using renewable resources in ways that make them difficult to renew.

With true-cost-pricing or cradle-to-cradle pricing, the real cost of all products and services offered in the marketplace would be calculated by an independent unbiased body. This body would be charged with: + Determining the true-cost or cradle-to-cradle-cost of all marketplace offerings. + Calculating how much money should be added to each product’s/service’s retail price to cover paying for the health and life-support damage each product or service is causing or will eventually cause. This money will be held in reserve to pay for health and life-support system costs as they manifest. If products/services are ultimately determined to be human and life-support system benign, or even positive, no additional money would be added to their retail price.

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Step three: Renewable Food Self-Sufficient

Step Three – Become renewable food self-sufficient. With renewable energy and water self-sufficiency, comes the ability to be renewable food self-sufficient. It also allows for the growth of a great deal of fiber and lumber for local use and trading. To make the San Diego/Tijuana Region and our planet permanently food self sufficient, it is essential that we protect our agricultural soils from further development and other misuse. My research indicates that we still have enough agricultural soil in our region and on our planet to feed everyone a nutritious diet of tasty, sustainably-grown food with lots of variety.

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Step Two: Become renewable water self-sufficient

Become renewable water self-sufficient. Water is essential to life. It is essential to the water-rich lifestyle most people in the developed world already have and that people in the developing world would like to have. The population of the Greater Tijuana part of the region is more or less the same as the population of San Diego County, currently, 3,100,000 people. If this is true, the San Diego/Tijuana Region has a population of 6,200,000.9 + Also assumed is that everyone in the Tijuana part of the region would like to use the same amount of water per capita as is used per capita in San Diego County, around 180 gallons per capita per day. + Given the assumptions above and assuming the worst case scenario of zero rainfall, zero recycled wastewater and zero imported water, can the San Diego/Tijuana Region become freshwater self-sufficient using renewably generated electricity to convert seawater into freshwater through reverse osmosis (RO)? The answer is a resounding yes. Installing commercially available 20% efficient PV panels over 4% of the roofs and parking lots on either side of the San Diego/Tijuana Region, will produce 11,519,600 kWh of electricity per day or 23,039,200 kWh per day if the electricity produced on both sides of the border is added together.

Generating 23,039,200 kWh per day times 365 days per year equals 8,409,308,000 kWh per year. Multiplying 8,409,308,000 kWh per year times 65 gallons of freshwater per kWh of electricity consumed, equals 546,605,020,000 gallons of freshwater per year. Dividing 546,605,020,000 gallons by 7.48 gallons per cu, ft. equals 73,075,537,430 cu. ft. of water. Dividing 73,075,537,430 cu. ft. of water by 43,560 cu. ft. per acre foot equals 1,677,583 acre feet of water each year or 838,792 acre ft. of freshwater on each side of the border. (One acre ft. = 4,034 cu. meters.) For reference, the San Diego County side of the region currently uses around 610,000 acre ft. of fresh water per year including county based agriculture. If the region used cost-effective and life-support-system-effective ways to use water more efficiently, (low water use toilets, using graywater and disinfected recycled sewage water for irrigation, drip irrigation, collecting and storing rainwater runoff, etc.), only 1.5% of the roofs and parking lots in the region would need to be covered with 20% efficient PV panels to make the whole region completely renewable water self-sufficient.

To protect sea life from the RO process, sand filtered seawater will be extracted from wells close to the ocean. This way, eggs and small fish will be kept out of the RO process. Since the wastewater from the RO process will be twice as salty as seawater, it will be evaporated in shallow open ponds so salt and other minerals left behind can be mined. If any RO waste water needs to be returned to the ocean, it would be diluted by sand-filtered seawater to be no more than 20% saltier than natural seawater before being released into the ocean, diffusely. -To protect sea life from the RO process, sand filtered seawater will be extracted from wells close to the ocean. This way, eggs and small fish will be kept out of the RO process. Since the wastewater from the RO process will be twice as salty as seawater, it will be evaporated in shallow open ponds so salt and other minerals left behind can be mined. If any RO waste water needs to be returned to the ocean, it would be diluted by sand-filtered seawater to be no more than 20% saltier than natural seawater before being released into the ocean, diffusely.

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How to become renewable energy-self sufficient

To make renewable gaseous and liquid fuels, renewably generated electricity can be used to gasify or pyrolyze (heat up in a closed low oxygen chamber) clean wood wastes and landscape trimmings. In the San Diego/Tijuana Region where I live, the sustainable thinning of overgrown chaparral will contribute additional high energy materials for gasification. Thinning chaparral will also improve its habitat value for wildlife by opening it up for new plant growth. Additionally, thinning will reduce the severity and number of wildfires that occur in the Region today. Once the gaseous and liquid fuels in the woody feed-stock are driven off, the mixture is distilled into renewably generated oil and liquid and gaseous fuels. Charcoal and soil amendments are the final products of the pyrolysis process. Every level of becoming renewable energy self-sufficient creates opportunities. In the San Diego/Tijuana Region there is an abundance of direct sunlight, wind, biomass (plant and animal (including human) wastes), ocean currents, tidal differences, and waves.

All these renewable energy sources can be used to make electricity and liquid and gaseous fuels. But even if direct sunlight was the region’s only renewable energy resource, it could become renewable energy self-sufficient by coupling a 40% increase in energy use efficiency and covering 26% of the region’s roofs and parking lots with 20% efficient PV panels, (see previous graphics assumptions). The most efficient commercially available PV panels to date are 22.5% efficient. As a bonus, purchasing local renewably generated energy to supply the San Diego/Tijuana Region’s energy needs will convert the region’s current $6 billion negative-energy-purchase-cash-flow, (to pay for energy imports), into a $6 billion positive-energy-purchase-cash-flow. Assuming an economic multiplier benefit of, for every dollar spent on locally generated renewably energy, one additional dollar is spent in the region’s local economy. This equals $12 billion in local economic activity per year. Buying locally generated renewable energy will create $12 billion of local economic activity per year, versus a $6 billion cash-flow loss.

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Renewable energy-self sufficient

Step One – Become renewable energy self-sufficient.- 6 – When a home, community, city, county, region, state or country becomes renewable energy self-sufficient, it controls its energy supply and price, its economy, its way of life and almost everything else we need or want — no matter what happens to the price and supply of energy on national and global markets.

Additionally, solar energy in its various forms is free and even delivered free. The only cost to benefit from it are the labor and materials required to increase energy use efficiency and manufacture and install renewable energy collection devices to produce electricity, hot water, etc. Given that our inventors/developers are still getting better at saving energy and converting various forms of solar energy into- 7 – electricity, and other renewably generated fuels, the cost of efficiency improvements and renewably generated energy, will continue to fall.

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Consciousness

What should we do to give our children and future generations their best chance to live in a prosperous, peaceful and life-support sustaining future? On the most fundamental level, answering this question comes down to consciousness. If we, as individuals, and as part of the human family, become conscious enough, it will be easy to resolve human differences without violence or its threat; it will be easy to develop economies and ways of life that are beneficial to everyone and completely life-support sustaining. Obviously, achieving the above is our task and challenge, but how can this be accomplished? The answer is simple. We need to develop economies and ways of life that are peaceful, prosperous and life-support sustaining. Stay tuned for HOW….

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Chemical Compounds

We are now in the midst of biological, biochemical and electronic revolutions. Not surprisingly, these new revolutions are turning out to be just as damaging, and possibly more so, to human and life-support systems’ health, than the industrial and chemical revolutions, established before them. The result is that our bodies and our planet’s life-support system are awash with chemical compounds that our bodies and life-support system have had zero experience responding to or processing. Since an estimated 1,000 new chemical compounds are being added to our common environment each year, we are breathing, drinking, eating, wearing, living in, etc., more human-created chemical compounds than ever before in history. This is especially hard on fetuses, infants and the young because they are exposed to these chemical compounds when they are most vulnerable to being harmed by them.

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Industrial Revolution

With the industrial revolution came the development of powerful machines like bulldozers, steam shovels, tractors, trains and ships and cheap energy to run them. Through the use of these technologies, coupled with the use of dynamite, invented in 1867, the average negative impact on our planet’s life-support system, per capita, greatly increased and is still increasing to this day.- 5 – Added to the still ongoing industrial revolution, came the chemical revolution. The soldiers of this revolution are chemists.

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